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Zambia Overview

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The Republic of Zambia is a landlocked sovereign country located in Central Africa. Zambia borders the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.

The capital of Zambia is Lusaka, located in the southeast of the country. The population is concentrated mainly around the capital and the Copperbelt to the northwest.

Zambia has been inhabited for thousands of years by hunter-gatherers and migrating tribes. After sporadic visits by European explorers starting in the 18th century, Zambia was gradually claimed and occupied by the British as protectorate of Northern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. On 24 October 1964, the protectorate gained independence with the new name of Zambia, derived from the Zambezi River which flows through the country.

After independence the country moved towards a system of one party rule with Kenneth Kaunda as president. Kenneth Kaunda dominated Zambian politics until multiparty elections were held in 1991.When Kaunda left the Presidency, the office has been held by five further people: Fredrick ChilubaLevy MwanawasaRupiah Banda, Michael Sata, and current President Edgar Lungu. In addition, Acting President Guy Scott served in an interim capacity after the death of President Michael Sata.

Zambia's economy has been traditionally dominated by the copper mining industry; however the government has recently been pursuing an economic diversification programme. The country is of rugged terrain and diverse wildlife, with many parks and safari areas. On its border with Zimbabwe is famed Victoria Falls – indigenous called Mosi-oa-Tunya, or "Smoke that Thunders” – plunging a misty 108m into narrow Batoka Gorge. Spanning the Zambezi River just below the falls is Victoria Falls Bridge, a spectacular viewpoint.

Capital City          : Lusaka

Current President : Edgar Lungu

Population           : 14.54 million (2013)

Currency              : Zambian Kwacha

Vicfalls

 

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